The Internet of Things or IoT, is influencing our life style from the way we react to the way we behave. From Smart phones to Home Appliances to Smart cars to navigate shortest route and to the security systems, IoT is integrating with every physical device.
IoT is a giant network of connected device. These devices gather and share data about how they are used, and under what environment they are operated. This information can be gathered with the help of sensors. IoT sensors are embedded in every physical device you need to monitor. It can be your mobile phone, electrical appliances, vehicles, large machinery, traffic lights, industrial machinery,and almost everything you can come across in day to day life.
These sensors continuously emit data of the working state of the devices.IoT Sensors uses form of all these devices to download this data from physical appliances, and common language to all the devices to communicate with each other. Data is emitted from various sensors and sent to IoT platforms purely. IoT platform integrates the collective data from various sources, further allow to analysis and provides valuable information. Finally, the information is shared for better user experience, which helps in automation, reduced running &maintenance costs and further improve efficiency of the appliances.
There are a lot of challenges many industries face, from inefficiency of the process and productivity, to the machinery malfunctions, downtime, and leaks in security management. Tough almost all industries face these challenges, but how many are successfully able to improve the working situations? Some of the present problems many industries face, includes
High maintenance cost, suboptimal waste management and productivity
Machine and vehicle malfunctions, Structural integrity of building, substandard work and community environment
Minor asset management, leaks in security management
There are a lot of use-cases of IoT. Wherever there are physical devices IoT can be implemented there. One of the common examples where IoT can be most useful is in the industries where machines require a regular maintenance.
In the traditional practices, the maintenance of these machineries is done either periodically or or more reactive approachie. waiting for the systems to fail then they can be repaired. These two solutions can be quite challenging, which requires a lot of human resources, time, loss in output,and further costs related to the parts after failure.
IoT enables more proactive approach,with the real-time monitoring of the physical devices, and the using analytics to predict any future failures.
Thus, IoT helps in further
Open / Closed
AC Current Meter
Monitoring of parking spaces availability in the city.
Monitoring of vibrations and material conditions in buildings, bridges and historical monuments.
Sound monitoring in bar areas and centric zones in real time.
Detect iPhone and Android devices and in general any device which works with WiFi or Bluetooth interfaces.
Measurement of the energy radiated by cell stations and and WiFi routers.
Monitoring of vehicles and pedestrian levels to optimize driving and walking routes.
Intelligent and weather adaptive lighting in street lights
Detection of rubbish levels in containers to optimize the trash collection routes.
Intelligent Highways with warning messages and diversions according to climate conditions and unexpected events like accidents or traffic jams.
Monitoring of combination gases and preemptive fire
conditions to define alert zone
Control of CO2 emissions of factories, pollution emitted by cars and toxic gases generated in farms.
Snow level measurement to know in real time the quality of ski tracks and allow security corps avalanche prevention.
Monitoring of soil moisture, vibrations and earth density to detect dangerous patterns in land conditions.
Distributed control in specific places of tremors.
Monitor the quality of tap water in cities.
Detect leakages and wastes of factories in rivers.
Control remotely the swimming pool conditions./p>
Control real-time leakages and wastes in the sea.
Detection of liquid presence outside tanks and pressure variations along pipes.
Monitoring of water level variations in rivers, dams and reservoirs.
Energy consumption monitoring and management.
Monitoring of water, oil and gas levels in storage tanks and cisterns.
Monitoring and optimization of performance in solar energy plants
Measurement of water pressure in water transportation systems.
Measurement of emptiness level and weight of the goods.
Access control to restricted areas and detection of people in non-authorized areas.
Liquid detection in data centers, warehouses and sensitive building grounds to prevent break downs and corrosion.
Distributed measurement of radiation levels in nuclear power stations surroundings to generate leakage alerts.
Detection of gas levels and leakages in industrial environments, surroundings of chemical factories and inside mines.
Monitoring of storage conditions along the supply chain and product tracking for traceability purposes
Payment processing based in location or activity duration for public transport, gyms, theme parks, etc.
Getting advice in the point of sale according to customer habits, preferences, presence of allergic components for them or expiring dates.
Control of rotation of products in shelves and warehouses to automate restocking processes.
Monitoring of vibrations, strokes, container openings or cold chain maintenance for insurance purposes.
Search of individual items in big surfaces like warehouses or harbours.
Warning emission on containers storing inflammable goods closed to others containing explosive material.
Control of routes followed for delicate goods like medical drugs, jewels or dangerous merchandises.
Machine auto-diagnosis and assets control.
Monitoring of toxic gas and oxygen levels inside chemical plants to ensure workers and goods safety.
Control of temperature inside industrial and medical fridges with sensitive merchandise.
Monitoring of ozone levels during the drying meat process in food factories.
Asset indoor location by using active (ZigBee) and passive tags (RFID/NFC).
Information collection from CanBus to send real time alarms to emergencies or provide advice to drivers.
Monitoring soil moisture and trunk diameter in vineyards to control the amount of sugar in grapes and grapevine health.
Control micro-climate conditions to maximize the production of fruits and vegetables and its quality.
Selective irrigation in dry zones to reduce the water resources required in the green.
Study of weather conditions in fields to forecast ice formation, rain, drought, snow or wind changes.
Control of humidity and temperature levels in alfalfa, hay, straw, etc. to prevent fungus and other microbial contaminants.
Control the exact conditions of plants grown in water to get the highest efficiency crops.
Control of growing conditions of the offspring in animal farms to ensure its survival and health.
Location and identification of animals grazing in open pastures or location in big stables.
Study of ventilation and air quality in farms and detection of harmful gases from excrement.
Energy and water supply consumption monitoring to obtain advice on how to save cost and resources.
Switching on and off remotely appliances to avoid accidents and save energy.
Detection of windows and doors openings and violations to prevent intruders
Monitoring of conditions inside museums and art warehouses.
Assistance for elderly or disabled people living independent.
Control of conditions inside freezers storing vaccines, medicines and organic elements.
Vital signs monitoring in high performance centers and fields.
Monitoring of conditions of patients inside hospitals and in old people’s home.
Measurement of UV sun rays to warn people not to be exposed in certain hours.
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